9. Ratha is Sanskrit for 'chariot', and may refer to the temples' form or to their function as vehicles for the gods. , The site is located at Mahabalipuram (previously known as Mammallapuram), on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in Kancheepuram district.  Though sometimes mistakenly referred to as temples, the structures were never consecrated because they were never completed following the death of Narasimhavarman I. It is said to be devoted to Anantshayi Vishnu as a large bas relief of Vishnu in the form of Sayanamurti is located inside. During the reign of the Pallava dynasty, between the 3rd century CE and 7th century CE, it became an important centre of art, architecture and literature. The five rathas that can be seen are Dharmaraja Ratha, Bhima Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Draupadi Ratha and Nakul Sahadev Ratha. An open air art gallery with sculptures spread around everywhere from the sea shore to hundreds of meters inland is the town of Mammalapuram or Mahabalipuram and has to be experienced for its 14 rock temples, 9 monolithic shrines, 3 stone temples including the exquisite Shore Temple and 4 sculpted bas reliefs defy description. They are carved over a common mounted plinth which is north-south oriented with a slight slope. Pancha Rathas (also known as Five Rathas or Pandava Rathas) is a monument complex at Mahabalipuram, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in the Kancheepuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Each has a different layout, such as square, rectangular, or apsidal plans. The area also has a great beach and a vibrant fisher-folk community nearby. The group of rathas were executed as models of South Indian temples and were not consecrated or blessed, hence were not used for worship. They were constructed during the reign of Pallava Kings Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I. The monolithic stone structure in the shape of chariots makes the Ratha Temples. However, the Pandava names have become permanent. Situated in a common complex to west of the Shore temple in Mahabalipuram, the Pancha Rathas display exquisite carvings carved out from a single large boulder. Ganesh Ratha temple is one of ten rathas or "chariots" carved out of pink granite within the group of monuments of the Pallava Period at Mahabalipuram which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Vittala Temple is situated northeast of Hampi, opposite the village of Anegondi. Ganesha Ratha is a temple on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. Pallava ruler Narsimha Varman 1 (AD 630- 68) built the majestic architecture in the 7th and 8th centuries. The Pancha rathas represent the diversity of Dravidian architecture of the time and it is likely that their original design traces back to wood constructions of temple chariots and were scale models or templates for much bigger temples built subsequently in Tamil Nadu. Mahabalipuram is situated close to the sea and rich in artistic wealth. The fine carved panel, which shows Durga on a lotus pedestal is marvelous. This ratha is the only one which is not placed in a “procession”, it stands aside. Each of the five rathas is a monolith, carved whole from a rock outcropping of pink granite. Feel free to share your facts that you know about this temple ! The five Ratha temples stand majestically on the southernmost extreme of Mahabalipuram. Let us travel to the glorious times through the famous Shore Temple in Mahabalipuram. Mahabalipuram, the land of temples & mountains, is home to a few rock cut monuments, carved out of pink stone and the Ganesh Ratha is one of the ten Rathas. This shrine is shaped like a thatched hut, with a square roof. The ‘Ganesha Ratha’ of Mahabalipuram is one of the chief attractions of Mahabalipuram. Outside, above the entrance door, is carved a sea-monster. Book Mahabalipuram Ganesh Ratha Temple hotels and get the lowest price guranteed by Trip.com! They are the unique contribution of the Pallavas to Indian Art. chariots, carved out of pink granite within the group of monuments of the Pallava Period at Mahabalipuram, a UNESCO-inscribed World … 2. There are several famous temples at Mahabalipuram; Shore Temple and 'Ratha' Cave Temples are the most famous amongst them. Noticeable is a pair of beautiful apsaras with lissom bodies. This temple praise lord Vishnu at middle portion, Lord … Especially fascinating is the sculpture of Lord Shiva in the form of Ardhanariswarar which is half man, half women. The building remains unfinished but fascinating. It is also known as Mamallapuram. It is approximately 35 miles (56 km) south of Chennai (previously known as Madras), the capital city, while Chengalpattu is about 20 miles (32 km) distant. Pancha Rathas though belong to the very rare examples where whole buildings with ornate exterior and interior are cut from live cliff. The Mysterious India updates regularly about matters related to India like travel, history, festivals, temples, sacred places, Culture, tradition, archaeology news and the latest developments in Indian society and religions. ... One of the rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram by the Pallavas from 8th century, on the Bay of Bengal coast and is a popular tourist attraction of Mahabalipuram. The complex is under the auspices of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage site inscribed by UNESCO as Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram. But, what remains still tells the tale of its ancient glory. It is believed that Shore Temple resembles the structure of Dharmaraja Ratha. Pancha Rathas, also known as the Pandava Rathas, located on the Coromandel Coast in Kancheepuram in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is one of the most notable monument complexes and a great example of the famous monolithic rock-cut architectural style of the country. The monolithic temples are called locally as Ratha (Chariot) as they resemble the processional chariots of a temple. The Nakula Sahadeva Ratha is the next in line. The monuments are a fusion of religion, culture and legend relating to the Hindu religious pantheon. There is also an independent monolithic stone sculpture of Nandi, adjoining this ratha in the open space. I have read and agree to the terms & conditions, The Mysterious India is a unique website with a focus on Indian history, folklore and mythology genre and presents facts about India, that have been erased from history. The complex was carved during the reign of King Narasimhavarman I (630–668 AD): the idea of realising monolithic buildings, an innovation in Indian architecture, is attributed to this ruler. The most interesting sculpture is Devi Durga standing on a head of the demon Mahishasura. Ganesh Ratha Temple, situated in the Kancheepuram district and known as one of the ten Chariots carved out of pink granite during Pallava Dynasty at Mahabalipuram. The Draupadi Ratha, which is the last in the line, is a square structure, which resembles a village hut with thatch roof. Your email address will not be published. Back in the day, when Narasimha Varma ruled the dynasty, the temple used to be a Shiva temple, but later the ‘lingam’ was removed and it was then re-discovered as a ‘Ganesh Temple’. This provided food for further research about other temples on this coast line. There are about nine monolithic temples at Mahabalipuram. 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