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Beginning in 1909, these elections became nonpartisan. [66] Major tributaries of the Yellowstone include the Boulder,[83] Stillwater,[84] Clarks Fork,[85] Bighorn,[86] Tongue,[87] and Powder Rivers. It borders North Dakota and South Dakota to the east. The smaller Pend d'Oreille and Kalispel tribes lived near Flathead Lake and the western mountains, respectively. [311], Montana has one city, Billings, with a population over 100,000; and two cities with populations over 50,000: Missoula and Great Falls. [134] Nelson Story brought the first Texas Longhorn cattle into the territory in 1866. The southern third of the Bitterroot range blends into the Continental Divide. [318], The state song was not composed until 21 years after statehood, when a musical troupe led by Joseph E. Howard stopped in Butte in September 1910. All waters in Montana west of the divide flow into the Columbia River. Montana Youth Courts were established by the Montana Youth Court Act of 1974. [192] The state's Native American population grew by 27.9% between 1980 and 1990 (at a time when Montana's entire population rose 1.6%),[192] and by 18.5 percent between 2000 and 2010. [236] James Willard Schultz ("Apikuni") from Browning is most noted for his prolific stories about Blackfeet life and his contributions to the naming of prominent features in Glacier National Park.[237]. [43], The area east of the divide in the state' north-central portion is known for the Missouri Breaks and other significant rock formations. The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. There are fall bow and general hunting seasons for elk, pronghorn antelope, whitetail deer and mule deer. Montana is officially known as "The Treasure State," a nickname chosen to reflect the state's abundant natural resources, from copper, silver and … 200. Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is the busiest airport in the state of Montana, surpassing Billings Logan International Airport in the spring of 2013. GENERAL LAWS AND DEFINITIONS – CHAPTER 1. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. There are seven American Indian reservations in Montana. In researching the nickname for Montana, we searched for new and old nicknames. Looking for the abbreviation of Montana? It is the second largest House district by area, after Alaska's at-large congressional district. Under the word "Montana",on a blue field, is the state seal. Although the Treasure State is the official nickname of Montana, the state is also known by a variety of other nicknames, such as Big Sky Country. [296] Major amendments include establishment of a reclamation trust (funded by taxes on natural resource extraction) to restore mined land (1974); restoration of sovereign immunity, when such immunity has been approved by a two-thirds vote in each house (1974); establishment of a 90-day biennial (rather than annual) legislative session (1974); establishment of a coal tax trust fund, funded by a tax on coal extraction (1976); conversion of the mandatory decennial review of county government into a voluntary one, to be approved or disallowed by residents in each county (1978); conversion of the provision of public assistance from a mandatory civil right to a non-fundamental legislative prerogative (1988);[297] a new constitutional right to hunt and fish (2004); a prohibition on gay marriage (2004); and a prohibition on new taxes on the sale or transfer of real property (2010). 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