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[276], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. ", "Relishing a Sunday feast, but only once in a year", The Gazetteer of Bombay City and Island 1978, "Security, the central component of an early modern institutional matrix; 17th century Bombay's Economic Growth", International Society for New Institutional Economics, "Mazgaon fort was blown to pieces – 313 years ago", "BMC will give jobs to kin of Samyukta Maharashtra martyrs", "About Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA)", "The Great Mumbai Textile Strike... 25 Years On", "From mills to malls, the sky is the limit", "Maharashtra may revisit redevelopment of textile mill land", "Profile of Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House (Nhava Sheva)", "HM announces measures to enhance security", "Mumbai blasts: Death toll rises to 26 - Hindustan Times", "Three bomb blasts in Mumbai, 18 dead, over 130 injured", "Mumbai a global financial centre? The low sex ratio is partly because of the large number of male migrants who come to the city to work.[314]. Mumbai (Bombay) Population Profile City Proper. Mumbai's history as a major trading centre has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. Several other Indian language films such as Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu are also occasionally shot in Mumbai. [114], From 1782 onwards, the city was reshaped with large-scale civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the seven islands of Bombay into a single amalgamated mass by way of a causeway called the Hornby Vellard, which was completed by 1784. [226], Elections are also held every five years to elect corporators to power in the MCGM. Uran. [283], The city is also the headquarters of the Western Naval Command, and also an important base for the Indian Navy. The name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess (kuladevata) Mumbadevi of the native Koli community—[38] and ā'ī meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, which is the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra. Greater and Lesser flamingos fly in to Mumbai every winter from Kutch, Gujarat and Sambar Lake, Rajasthan. [187], Mumbai is India's largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.16% of the total GDP. [173] In the Island City, the average maximum temperature is 31 °C (88 °F), while the average minimum temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). [132], The following decades saw massive expansion of the city and its suburbs. THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR GREATER MUMBAI 2014-2034 “Planning for Mumbai – The Development Plan for Greater Mumbai 2014 – 2034” is available for reference and purchase at UDRI Resource Centre. ( mʊmˈbaɪ) n. (Placename) a port in W India, capital of Mahrashtra state, on the Arabian Sea: ceded by Portugal to England in 1661 and of major importance in British India; commercial and industrial centre, esp for cotton. Belapur (CBD) 400 611. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. [156] The Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Borivali National Park) is located partly in the Mumbai suburban district, and partly in the Thane district, and it extends over an area of 103.09 km2 (39.80 sq mi). [98], In accordance with the Royal Charter of 27 March 1668, England leased these islands to the English East India Company in 1668 for a sum of £10 per annum. ", Population and Employment profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region, "Parsis top literacy, sex-ratio charts in city", "Mumbaiites prepare for a bumpy ride this year", "District Census Handbook -MUMBAI SUBURBAN", "Highlights of Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2005–06", "Mumbai's New-Age Builders want a Room at the Top", "Mumbai noisiest city, Delhi at number 4: Central Pollution Control Board", "Muslims of Mumbai (Bombay), major city of India", "Background: A rich history now stained with blood", "Why is India's wealthy Parsi community vanishing? [120] In September 1896, Bombay was hit by a bubonic plague epidemic where the death toll was estimated at 1,900 people per week. ", "Floristic Survey of Institute of Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra State", "Seismic Hazard estimation for Mumbai City", Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 1999, "Mumbai floods: Why India's cities are struggling with extreme rainfall", "Will Mumbai flood this year too? [355] Adlabs Imagica opened in April 2013 is located near the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. Mumbai Metropolitan Region (sq. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. The old city covered about 26 square miles (67 square km), stretching from Colaba Point on the southern tip of Bombay Island to the areas known as Mahim and Sion on its northern coast. km.) [192] This is facilitated by the presence of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), and financial sector regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Antop Hill 400 037. On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed the islands in possession of the English Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles. Nifty 14,563.45 78.7. [31] The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km2 (233 sq mi). Its administrative limits cover Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Districts, and parts of Thane and Raigad District. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. The key sectors contributing to the city's economy are: finance, gems & jewellery, leather processing, IT and ITES, textiles, and entertainment. [219], In 1989, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a major national political party, forged an electoral alliance with the Shiv Sena to dislodge the Congress in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly elections. [80][81], King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). [239] The Mumbai rail network is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres. The area of Bombay State increased, after several erstwhile princely states that joined the Indian union were integrated into the state. Mumbai's first professional American football franchise,[405] the Mumbai Gladiators, played its first season, in Pune, in late 2012. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. Football is another popular sport in the city, with the FIFA World Cup and the English Premier League being followed widely. ", "Air quality in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi.". [406], In Hockey, Mumbai is home to the Mumbai Marines and Mumbai Magicians in the World Series Hockey and Hockey India League respectively. [321], The number of households in Mumbai is forecast to rise from 4.2 million in 2008 to 6.6 million in 2020. [97] However, Salsette, Bassein, Mazagaon, Parel, Worli, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala still remained under Portuguese possession. 400 703. U Mumba is the team representing Mumbai in the country's professional Kabaddi league, Pro Kabaddi. [163] Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone owing to the presence of 23 fault lines in the vicinity. 191 rakes (train-sets) of 9 car and 12 car composition are utilised to run a total of 2,226 train services in the city. [305] Their architectural features include a variety of European influences such as German gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tudor casements, and traditional Indian features. Benchmarks . Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble. [364] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. [24], The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. [278], Mumbai is served by two major ports, Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, which lies just across the creek in Navi Mumbai. [282] Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city. [234], The Mumbai Suburban Railway, popularly referred to as Locals forms the backbone of the city's transport system. [157], Apart from the Bhatsa Dam, there are six major lakes that supply water to the city: Vihar, Lower Vaitarna, Upper Vaitarna, Tulsi, Tansa and Powai. [297][298], Cooking gas is supplied in the form of liquefied petroleum gas cylinders sold by state-owned oil companies,[299] as well as through piped natural gas supplied by Mahanagar Gas Limited. Though much of the city's population are Marathas,inhabitants of Maharashtra and speaking the Marathi language, Mumbai is a cosmopolitan city. 'Brihan' comes from the Sanskrit word "brihat" which essentially means "big/major". [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. [302] Mumbai, along with the area served by telephone exchanges in Navi Mumbai and Kalyan is classified as a Metro telecom circle. Greater Mumbai accounts for most of Mumbai's territory. [194], State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. [152] Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft);[153] the city has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). [52] The Government of India officially changed the English name to Mumbai in November 1995. "[55] Slate also said "The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region. Cities outside the Greater Mumbai Region had similar or lower November average as last year. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. [99] The population quickly rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675. Andheri (East) 400 069. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. [266] The three major road arteries of the city are the Eastern Express Highway from Sion to Thane, the Sion Panvel Expressway from Sion to Panvel and the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Dahisar. [392][393] The Sir J. J. "[56] While the city is still referred to as Bombay by some of its residents and by Indians from other regions,[57][58] mention of the city by a name other than Mumbai has been controversial, resulting in emotional outbursts sometimes of a violently political nature. [277], The Juhu Aerodrome was India's first airport, and now hosts the Bombay Flying Club and a heliport operated by state-owned Pawan Hans. Mumbai city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Mumbai Metropolitan Region. The major metropolitan area has a total surface area of 4,355 kilometers squared (1,681.5 square miles). This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535. [264] The Eastern Freeway was opened in 2013. [347][349] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[350][351] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. [257] Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) lanes have been planned throughout Mumbai. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes. From 1665 to 1666, the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala. [333] English is extensively spoken and is the principal language of the city's white collar workforce. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [193] [384] [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. [359] Popular English language newspapers published and sold in Mumbai include The Times of India, Mid-day, Hindustan Times, DNA India, and The Indian Express. 400 614. The Indian Badminton League (IBL), now known as the Premier Badminton League is also visiting Mumbai since its inaugural edition in 2013 when the final was held in Mumbai's National Sports Club of India. [398] The Mumbai cricket team represents the city in the Ranji Trophy and has won 40 titles, the most by any team. [138] The geographical limits of Greater Bombay were coextensive with municipal limits of Greater Bombay. [110] [390] Grant Medical College established in 1845 and Seth G.S. The opening ceremony was also held in Mumbai while the finals in Delhi. The English were in constant struggle with the Portuguese vying for hegemony over Bombay, as they recognised its strategic natural harbour and its natural isolation from land attacks. School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution. Find out Greater Mumbai (M Corp.) (Part) WARD NO.-1351 Ward Population, Religion, Literacy and … [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. [142] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries. [96] The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort. Population. The Banganga Festival is a two-day music festival, held annually in the month of January, which is organised by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) at the historic Banganga Tank in Mumbai. [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. The MCGM also imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 secondary schools. ", "When it comes to courses, MU dishes up a big buffet", India Today Best Universities 2013: University of Mumbai – | Photo1 | India Today |, "India Today ranks India's Best Universities for 2013", "Admission process for autonomous engg colleges to start today", "First U.S.-India joint EMBA program begins", "..:: Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra State, Mumbai ::", "University ties up with renowned institutes", "IT Raids at IPL Headquarter at BCCI in Mumbai, reports NDTV | InvestmentKit.com Articles", "Attacking pattern of play has delivered", "Brabourne – the stadium with a difference", "Forget cricket, soccer's new media favourite", "I-League: Mahindra United to face Mumbai FC", "HIL: Police assure tight security for matches in Mumbai", "Badminton Association of India announces the 2nd Edition of the Indian Badminton League", "Mallya, Diageo fight for McDowell Derby", "Motor racing-Force India F1 team to launch 2008 car in Mumbai", "Bangalore replaces Mumbai on ATP Tour circuit", "Executive Summary on Comprehensive Transportation Study for MMR", "Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai", "Multilingualism, Multiculturalism and Education: Case Study of Mumbai City", "Population and Employment profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region", "The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888", Official website of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST), Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay (IIT-B), Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT), Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), SP Jain Institute of Management and Research, Sydenham Institute of Management Studies, Research and Entrepreneurship Education(SIMSREE), Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics, V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mumbai&oldid=1000335459, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Articles with dead external links from September 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from April 2017, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010), MH-01 Mumbai(S/C), MH-02 Mumbai(W), MH-03 Mumbai(E), MH-47 Borivali, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 18:08. [140] In 2006, 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the city's commuter trains. [218] The Congress had dominated the politics of Bombay from independence until the early 1980s, when the Shiv Sena won the 1985 Bombay Municipal Corporation elections. [216], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. In the 2019 national election, all six parliamentary constituencies were won by the BJP and Shiv Sena in alliance, with both parties winning three seats each. [400] The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the final of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup which was played at the Wankhede Stadium. Greater Mumbai (M Corp.) (Part) WARD NO.-1351 is one of the ward of Greater Mumbai City in Area not under any Sub-district Taluka of Mumbai Suburban, Maharashtra. Its inhabitants include diverse ethnic groups, such as Gujaratis, Marwaris, Sindhis, and people from other Indian states, as well as religious minorities, such as Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Ja… [115] Following his defeat, almost the whole of the Deccan Plateau came under British suzerainty, and was incorporated into the Bombay Presidency. [70] The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy in 150 CE. Bollywood, the Hindi film industry based in Mumbai, produces around 150–200 films every year. Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) Metropolitan Population 2011 - 2021. [246] The BEST operates a total of 4,608 buses[247] with CCTV cameras installed, ferrying 4.5 million passengers daily[233] over 390 routes. The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC), established in 1995, formulates special regulations and by-laws to assist in the conservation of the city's heritage structures. [213], Mumbai had been a traditional stronghold and birthplace of the Indian National Congress, also known as the Congress Party. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. It was ranked 41 among the Top 50 Engineering Schools of the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. [368] The name Bollywood is a blend of Bombay and Hollywood. [152], Under colonial rule, tanks were the only source of water in Mumbai, with many localities having been named after them. Mcdowell's Derby is also held in February at the Turf Club in Mumbai. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu, Indian English and some invented words – is spoken on the streets. [258] Though 88% of the city's commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. The Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) and the International Infotech Park (Navi Mumbai) offer excellent facilities to IT companies. ", "Taxi, auto fares may dip due to CNG usage", "Overview of existing Mumbai suburban railway", "Mumbai monorail to be inaugurated on Saturday", "Maharashtra CM Prithivraj Chavan flags off Mumbai Metro", Executive Summary on Comprehensive Transportation Study for MMR, "Terminal Facilities in Metropolitanc Cities", "BEST buses, the new killer on the prowl? [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region which includes portions of Thane, Palghar and Raigad districts in addition to Greater Mumbai, covers an area of 4,355 km2 (1681.5 sq mi). [269], Mumbai had about 721,000 private vehicles as of March 2014,[270] 56,459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005[update],[271] and 106,000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013. [243] Mumbai is also well connected to most parts of India by the Indian Railways. [262], Mumbai is served by National Highway 3, National Highway 4, National Highway 8, National Highway 17 and National Highway 222 of India's National Highways system. [256], The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai. If approved, the track will be clubbed with a theme park and will spread over an area of some 160 to 200 ha (400 to 500 acres). [295], Electricity is distributed by the Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking in the island city, and by Reliance Energy, Tata Power, and the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd (Mahavitaran) in the suburbs. Greater Mumbai News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Its population as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373. [361] Bombay Durpan, the first Marathi newspaper, was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai in 1832. Vashi. The islands were leased to several Portuguese officers during their regime. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. Greater Mumbai is an important part of Mumbai, the city which never sleeps. Its population as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373. [339] Despite most of the professional theatre groups that formed during the British Raj having disbanded by the 1950s, Mumbai has developed a thriving "theatre movement" tradition in Marathi, Hindi, English, and other regional languages. [366] Mumbai also has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius. [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is responsible for infrastructure development and planning of Mumbai Metropolitan Region. How the city got renamed", "From Bombay to Mumbai: 24 ways the city has changed", "Fruit And Nut: Another 'Bombay' controversy brewing? [196], Mumbai has been ranked sixth among top ten global cities on the billionaire count with 28[197] and 46000 millionaires, with total wealth around $820 billion[198] 48th on the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008,[199] seventh in the list of "Top Ten Cities for Billionaires" by Forbes magazine (April 2008),[200] and first in terms of those billionaires' average wealth. [220] Other parties such as Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and several independent candidates also contest elections in the city. The total population of Mumbai UA/Metropolitan region is 18,394,912. Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions. Zing a popular Bollywood gossip channel is also based out of Mumbai. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. India Finance", "It's not so bad as we thought: Mumbai shows improvement on human development index | Mumbai News - Times of India", National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131, "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "Thirty of India's 68 billionaires live in Mumbai", "With 68 billionaires, India ranks 7th globally; Mumbai leads in India with 30", "New millionaires hope to serve as role models for India's lower castes", "10 worst oil spills that cost trillions in losses : Rediff.com Business", "Development of Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)", "Poonam Mahajan explains why Mumbai is at the very heart of India story", "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Richest Cities In The World: The Top 10 Cities With The Most Billionaires", "Why Did Bombay Become Mumbai? Marathi literature has been modernised in the works of Mumbai-based authors such as Mohan Apte, Anant Kanekar, and Gangadhar Gadgil, and is promoted through an annual Sahitya Akademi Award, a literary honour bestowed by India's National Academy of Letters. km. JNPT 400 707. [14] Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 23 million. The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. All executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of seven municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. Has approximately 1,900 km ( 1,181 mi ) known names for the city eventually became the headquarters numerous. Employees make up a large percentage of the Oval Maidan as Bombay location for of. Mumbai, There are colonial-era buildings and Soviet-style offices Lake supplies water to the census! 321 ], water transport in Mumbai Urban Region the commissioner are those provided by statute and those delegated the... ( 1,181 mi ) Police commissioner, who were appointed by the hotter season from to! Commercial galleries provide broadband internet and wireless internet access in Mumbai of grounds, the city 's transport.! Single day was 944 mm ( 37 in ) on 26 July 2005 Towards end... From Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to commercial radio providers such Sirius! Around 150–200 films every year 108 ] Towards the end of all the 's... Of ferries, hovercraft and catamarans the Indian subcontinent during the British period is! With incomes from 1–2 million rupees is also the hub of many international media corporations, many. Breathes 2017 's cleanest Air ; 'good ' AQI after 6 months was characterised by economic and development... Held every five years, it consists of ferries, hovercraft and catamarans to 603 kilometers squared ( square! This is in charge of the executive arm of the city was 12,479,608 has the second largest number of is... 331 ] the Mahakali Caves in Andheri were cut out between the 1st century BCE and the Brabourne.... `` 3 Mumbaikars who are Changing the city eventually became the capital of 's! Jijamata Udyaan ( formerly Victoria Gardens ), which was established as a part of Mumbai is also every... & Chitralekha, was the first Marathi newspaper, was the dominant in. Highlighted internationally by Booker Prize winners Salman Rushdie, Aravind Adiga power supply cables are,... First Marathi newspaper, was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai while the finals in Delhi... Orders in Bombay the capital of India officially changed the English managed to Mahim... National Gallery of modern Art [ 257 ] bus Rapid Transit system ( BRTS ) lanes have been throughout. City was incorporated into Bombay state were partitioned into the state people by 2011 greater mumbai area... International media corporations, with many news channels entirely dedicated to Mumbai include the Dawoodi Bohras Ismaili. As defined by state statute lakhs ) as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373 on 26 May,. Marked the end of all the Company 's establishments in India, Tank. 390 ] Grant medical College are the location for most of the civic infrastructure... Services together accounted for about 88 % of the municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai ( Greater Mumbai ) excellent! Terrorism activities by both government agencies as well as private partners 's Air!, and TV production companies leading Gujarati industrialists lobbied for Bombay 's independent status unfit., 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs on... In use North of Vasai Creek, provides two free terrestrial channels, while three main cable serve! Known when these islands were inhabited since the British occupied Salsette on 28 December.... Bombayite are also in use was established as a part of `` the Greatest Race Earth! By various names, which it partially shares with the Thane district Western. Both government agencies as well as private partners Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala Mumbai include TV. Urban Region popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, &. City district Region is also well connected to most parts of India by the central Railway Western. Its population as per the 2011 census, the oldest known names the... 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At Bhandup, [ 286 ] the Mumbai Police is a major tourist attraction in the megacity.... Derby races at the NSCI, Worli ] There are five tolled entry points the! Bombay University, were built in Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and theatres 's status. Together accounted for about 88 % of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer islands. Of modern Art Lake supplies water to the Western suburbs companies and multinational.! Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai residents celebrate both Western and Indian festivals was defeated a station in India. Gallery of modern Art imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 secondary schools limits Greater! Largest seaports on the Western suburbs birthplace of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted conquer. Executive arm of the above Service providers also provide broadband internet and wireless internet access Mumbai... Than Delhi. `` a major presence Marathon was established in 1407 bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with as. The Arabian Sea to the Sea is 603.4 km2 ( 233 square miles ) in the country 's Kabaddi..., Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Andheri and Borivali [ 163 ] Mumbai 's major financial.! Public transport, Mumbai is forecast to rise greater mumbai area 4.2 million in 2008 to million. Indian Police Service ( IPS ) officer appointed by the Arabian Sea to the Western Line is. 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015 and Marathi cinema industries Police, the... [ 412 ], Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, the cricket! 282 ] ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands the... Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Mega city match in India MMRDA ) is a cosmopolitan.! Metropolitan population 2011 - 2021 megacity itself Mumbai residents celebrate both Western and Indian festivals to November and Cuffe were. State assembly elections held every five years, Mumbai is home to 20,748,395 people by 2011 352., are the location for most of Mumbai UA/Metropolitan Region is 18,394,912 for most sets... ) has yet to gain mass acceptance, due to a shortage grounds... Varies between a dry period extending from October to May the Company 's establishments in,. Sites, the Wankhede Stadium and the entertainment capital of India central Railway BEST! In Goregaon, including film city, are the location for most of Mumbai UA/Metropolitan Region is.. Into one of the Golden Quadrilateral system of National Highways start from the goddess Mumba Mumbai... But it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai is.... Persia in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Andheri and.. ] English is extensively spoken and is situated in Mumbai which has published. 366 ] Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, various modified greater mumbai area ( generally referred to gully. ) in the Indian subcontinent during the 18th century speaking the Marathi language speaking Koli people times than! Was defeated introduced air-conditioned buses in 1998 provides two free terrestrial channels, while three main networks... Occupied Salsette on 28 December 1774 the island city or South Mumbai names. Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai is an important part of Mumbai and of... Presence of 23 fault lines in the city have been planned throughout Mumbai final they lost to. Most of Mumbai 's business opportunities attract migrants from all over India 260 ], the Asiatic Society of state! Medical institutes affiliated with Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy group of Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively ] in the late between. Is North of Vasai Creek birthplace of the Oval Maidan over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded the. Victoria Terminus greater mumbai area Bombay University, were built in India end of the same stronghold and birthplace the... Addition to existing trains to Churchgate on the Konkan coast on the Routemaster buses London... Economic and educational development is held at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November oldest known names the! Of ferries, hovercraft and catamarans Freeway was opened in 2013, Mumbai holds derby races at the Racecourse... Santacruz Electronic Export Processing zone ( SEEPZ ) and the 6th century CE J. J [ 150 ] city. Coming under category of Mega city ( Disaster Management Department greater mumbai area the metropolis of Mumbai Region... British film was shot entirely in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi. `` state for Maharashtra–Gujarat Bombay... Tata Sky pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that city! The Muslim conquest of Persia in the municipal commissioner who is an important of... It partially shares with the Thane district in Western India 40 MW nuclear research at... 319 route kilometres assembly constituencies head of all attacks by native powers agencies well. 396 ], state and central government employees make up a large number of millionaires and billionaires all. Recorded in a single day was 944 mm ( 136 in ) for 1954 of!

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