Although he was a lower rank, DC Whitby was in charge of the deportation that day. They sat on her body, they bound her hands to her side with a leather belt and manacles, they strapped her legs together and wound yards of surgical tape round her head. They denied the charges but after three days, the judge concluded that there was enough evidence for them to face trial at the Old Bailey. One car contained three officers from Scotland Yard’s SO1(3) Unit (the Aliens Deportation Group – ADG), and the other car contained two officers from the local Hornsey station. He was raised by his grandmother, Myrna, who described him as ‘withdrawn.’ In 1999, a writ was issued on behalf of Graeme and Myrna against the then Home Secretary, Jack Straw, and Police Commissioner, Sir Paul Condon. This was proved just 10 months after Joy’s death, when an outraged Jeremy Corbyn MP called for answers after Elizabeth Blanchard, 37, had allegedly been cuffed and gagged in May 1994 whilst being transferred from an Oxford detention centre to Banbury police station. When interviewed by The Observer in August 1993, he said: “I don’t hate Bernie Grant because he is black. Such a swelling would lead to cardiac arrest and the deprivation of oxygen.”. death was cerebral hypoxia, most likely caused by asphyxiation as a result of the gag in her mouth. Is the boom in communal living really the good life? The prosecution’s case was that manslaughter was alleged “as a result of an unlawful and dangerous act by the officers which caused the death of Joy Gardner”. Can you imagine how terrifying it must have been for a 5 year old to see his mother like that, the woman he loved and looked to for everything. The BLM movement has finally brought racism back to the forefront of the world’s conscience. When Joy came in 1987 she wasn’t illegal, she was legal. She was my first child, who I had when I was only young myself, and I didn’t enjoy her back then. On 28 July 1993 three officers from Britain’s Aliens Deportation Group (ADG) arrived at the north London flat of Joy Gardner to deport her. The results of their separate post mortem was not made public. There’s no place in the 21st century for racism and bigotry, and the overt racism displayed by the current government should be called out for what it is. He took responsibility for applying the gag, but was adamant it did not obstruct Joy’s airways – something Evans backed up. Joy became extremely agitated, removed her T-shirt and began to shout that she would rather kill herself than go back to Jamaica. Her mother, Myrna Simpson, had lived in Britain for more than 33 years. The MPF felt that the use of the equipment was the greatest issue and that those who KNEW that it was a regular occurrence should also have been taking some responsibility. On 28th July 1993, an immigration officer and five police officers turned up on her doorstep. Leaving behind her son Graeme Burke and her mother Myrna Simpson now deceased. She moved to Kingston to pursue her dreams but she got pregnant with her eldest daughter, Lisa. Paul Coleman reports. Joy’s sister, Claudia, was adamant that the authorities purposely covered up that Joy’s death happened at the flat to prevent a public uproar. That was the principle of our Christian family. To exclude all possibilities, a neuropathologist took samples of brain tissue to ascertain if the minor head injury was the contributing factor of the hypoxia, but following examination by two independent neuropathologists, it was agreed that the head injury was not the reason for the hypoxia. And when I came, 16 years before, I paid £75 for the aeroplane. Background Joy Gardner. Get on with rehousing and compensating all those who lost their homes and belongings at, Speed up the compensation process for all those caught up in your government’s repugnant. When Commonwealth citizens were invited to the UK to live as British citizens in order to help rebuild the ‘Mother Country’ after World War II, Myrna Simpson was one of many who embraced the chance. Early morning and Joy was asleep with her five-year-old son, Graeme, in their Haringey home at Topsfield Close. They didn’t go into her house, truss her up and kill her. I mentioned Nigel Farage and his LBC slot at the beginning of the post, but back in 1993, Richard Littlejohn – a Scum columnist – hosted a radio show on LBC, and told his 500k listeners that although Joy’s death was ‘sad’…, “…if she had complied with the deportation order, she might still be alive today.”. In February 1994, Essex Police finally completed their investigation for the PCA. Assuming Joy had been in some kind of accident, Myrna noticed a few police officers and Bernie Grant MP at the hospital, but was taken aback when she finally saw her daughter lying in a bed, covered in tubes and foil sheeting, her face bruised and a ventilator pumping oxygen into her lungs. On 7th August 1993, the PCA confirmed that Assistant Chief Constable James Conlon of Essex Police would be heading up the investigation, assisted by 12 officers, and on 13th December 1993, another protest was held outside the CPS offices because the PCA had still not completed the inquiry. Graeme was born in London and now lives in Tottenham.’ This information is doubly important given that the subjects themselves don’t have a voice in which to identify themselves in these two silent films. Her new husband wrote to the Home Office and requested that they allow her to remain in the country due to the marriage. This was echoed by the family’s solicitor, Jane Coker, who stated that the Home Secretary was the one with ultimate responsibility for decisions and ensuring the code of conduct was followed, so everyone involved in the chain of command was accountable. Her mother, Myrna Simpson, emigrated to the United Kingdom from Jamaica in 1961. Since his arrival in London in 2016, Thompson’s interest has also turned to state violence in Britain, leading him to produce Cemetery of Uniforms and Liveries (2016), two silent portraits of Brandon Groce and Graeme Gardner, the grandson, and son, respectively of Cherry Groce and Joy Gardner. Gardner, Harry J. E. Everett Evans Gardner, Jeffrey Gardner F(rancis) Fox (1911-) Gardner, Joy Joy Aumente Gardner, Kit Katherine Manning Garland Gardner, Lisa [Alicia Scott] Gardner, Miriam Marion Zimmer Bradley (1930-) Gardner, Noel Henry Kuttner (1914-1958) Gardner, Richard Richard Maurice Orth (1931-) Garfield, Brian (Francis Wynne) (1939-) The first stated: The Secretary of State has reconsidered the case in light of your representations but is not prepared to rescind the deportation order or allow Mrs Gardner to remain any longer. Prior to … Mrs Simpson arrived in Britain in 1961 and, like many immigrants at the time, left her child, Joy, with her grandmother until she could provide for her in England. The docu-drama, Sitting in Limbo, highlighted how appallingly the Home Office still handles deportation to this day, and gave the shocking statistics on the Windrush scandal alone between 2012 and 2017: On 9th June 2020, Boris Johnson released a video about the Black Lives Matter protests and demonstrations sweeping across the country (and world) at this time. Whitby admitted that he may have been mistaken when stating in his original report that Joy had managed to move her hands up to her mouth and remove the first roll of tape. For anyone who found themselves at the mercy of the immigration officials and their equipment, it must have been triggering and frightening. Myrna received an unexpected visit from her son, David, that morning who told her that police had contacted him and said they needed to head over to the Whittington Hospital in London where Joy had been admitted into intensive care. One car contained three officers from Scotland Yard’s SO1 (3) Unit (the Aliens Deportation Group – ADG), and the other car contained two officers from the local Hornsey station. Joy was eventually laid to rest at Lavender Hill cemetery on 17th December 1993. Those within the legal profession questioned this course of action. The hostile attitude that contributed to my daughter’s death must be put in the context of the current Windrush scandal. hope after years of despair His testimony went against claims made by ADG4 (DC Whitby) by confirming that no teeth marks were found on the tape. Our own, BLACK LIVES MATTER: WINDRUSH: THE DEATH OF JOY GARDNER, 1993, ‘piccaninnies’, ‘watermelon smiles’ and ‘letterboxes’, Justice for Joy – Channel 4 documentary, 1995, Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry, NI, Operation Winthorpe – St Paul's School, Barnes, MISSING: The Disappearance of Martin Allen, MISSING: The Disappearance of Vishal Mehrotra, MISSING: The Disappearance of Vishal Mehrotra Pt2, MISSING: OPERATION RIDGEWOOD: The Disappearance of Damien Nettles, HARVEY PROCTOR: Brewers Lane Assault Court Case, 1992, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Death of ENRICO SIDOLI, ISLINGTON: UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Mysterious Death of MICHAEL JARRETT LOWE, 1974, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Mysterious Death of BILLY HOLLOWAY, 1962, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The murder of PATRICIA MORRIS, 1980. It was very apparent that the court and the newspapers were strangely quiet on the subject of the Home Office procedures and the role played by immigration officials, despite the Immigration Service being the one that enforces a deportation order, with police in attendance solely so that they may force entry. Apologise for your own track record of racism. The star's agent confirmed his death in a statement earlier today by saying: 'It is with great sadness that we announce Tim’s death early today from COVID-19.' Michael Robert Catania. Mrs Gardner, 40, died in 1993 after a struggle with police who arrived at her flat in Crouch End, north London, to serve a deportation order on her. Elizabeth ended up at Whittington Hospital – just as Joy did before her – reportedly unconscious. ADG were considered a “law unto themselves”. why?”. Now he and his grandmother want justice. The trial began on 15th May 1995. The results of their separate post mortem was not made public. 13 feet of tape and bound her She initially left her children with her mother in Jamaica until she earned enough money to bring her daughter over. Most of us have seen the 9mins of footage of George Floyd slowly being asphyxiated to death at the hands of the police in America, and we’ve seen the world rise up and say enough is enough. Find Joy Gardner online. There has always been controversy about the actual date of Joy’s death. How UK taxpayers can avoid falling into the child benefit trap. They went in and took her out of her bed, where she had been sleeping with her five-and-half-year-old son, Graeme. (Under Section 97 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, such action would have enforced the PCA to make the report public.) Sadly for Joy, her death was prior to camera phones and social media. “It is too sad to go back deep inside,” his grandmother told me. At some stage, one officer took the boy into another room – but he could still hear his mother’s cries. Groce and Burke stare impassively to camera, Reynolds looks out of frame stoically, or at one point is … Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Joy Gardner and her heart resumed beating at, Joy reached hospital and was immediately connected to a ventilator. Dunnville Abbott, Jeff Adams, Michelle Adams, Taylor Airth, Rennie Alender, Katie Allison, Will Archer, Ursula Arlidge, M. J. Armstrong, K. L. We used to stay in one room of a house and do almost everything in that room. Tories' London mayoral candidate criticised for comments that 'attack working class families'. You would not do that to your dog.”, Mrs Simpson goes on to say “Paul Condon said it was not about race. A representative from ADG gave evidence on the equipment used during deportations and confirmed that a body-belt (originally designed by an ADG officer), leather straps, gag and adhesive tape were part of their regular restraint equipment. Some people might believe we had life easy, but we bore it rough. She didn’t come on a boat or stow away. Although her mother had officially become a UK citizen, the breakdown of her marriage coupled with a change in the Immigration Act, 1981 meant that Joy had effectively lost her rights to be in the UK. We try to blank it out.” In the weeks and months after his mother’s death, Graeme re-enacted the disturbing events. “When they arrived at her house with those things,” Myrna Simpson says, “those body belts, the tape – they weren’t looking to find a human being, because you do not do that to a fellow human being. ” Joy, they dropped to the floor, breaking a chair and Joy’s watch in the process. Just as Joy was silenced, the close relationship between government, police and press has always managed to keep a lid on the worst outrages and encourage a narrative. Mrs Simpson said: “Graeme used to blame himself, you know, that he wasn’t strong enough to save his mother. Her family dispute this narrative. Joy Angelia Gardner (29 May 1953 – 1 August 1993) was born in Long Bay Beach, Jamaica, in May 1953. Joy Gardner was a mature student. Joy’s son was traumatised by what he had witnessed that morning, and that remained with him throughout childhood. (The decision to prosecute was actually made by the CPS following the APC’s own inquiry.) In a face-to-face recorded interview, Ms Sterling told this writer that on July 24 th Gardner was baking cakes and cooking chicken at her flat in Hornsey – where the police raid would take place four days later. Mrs Simpson and other families, along with representatives of the organisation INQUEST, which examines deaths in custody, met Jack Straw, the Home Secretary, to press their case. I do not know the outcome of the tribunal. They maintained that she was illegal because she overstayed her six-month visa. In July 1993 there were no official guidelines regarding the use of any mouth-gags in deportation cases, suggesting that the gag was an unauthorized means of restraining Joy that had been quietly allowed to creep in as the norm. A second roll of tape was produced and wrapped around Joy’s head in the opposite direction. She died whilst in the West Indian Centre at Wood Green in north London sat impassively at the front, while the death of Joy Gardner her daughter was discussed and condemned … I am a part of the Windrush generation. A second flight was booked in October 1992 but the Home Office claimed they ‘lost track’ of her. With Joy now bound and gagged on the floor, one ADG officer remained at her side but within minutes it became apparent to him that Joy was in some sort of distress, so he called in a colleague. Tim brought joy to many over the course of his career and worked alongside the likes of John Cleese, as well as his The … Unfortunately the Joy Gardner case, the whole deportation process and the role played by officials has never been fully and impartially investigated. Mrs Joy Gardner, 40, died in 1993 after a struggle with police who arrived at her flat in Crouch End, north London, to serve a deportation order on her. He rejected the claim that he only applied more tape because Joy was ‘still making a noise’. Posts about Joy Angelia Burke written by Peg. She’s illegal, so deport her My name is Maudie Ann Burke Gardner, I am the daughter of Charles and Tillie Joy Burke, I am relative to the Trundles, Sappington, and Hammonds, Ellis's McGrady's and the Burke's. He felt that to pick just the three officers involved and hold them accountable rather than all authorities was unjust. To make it easier to follow, I’ve coded the officers as follows: Throughout most of this, little Graeme watched on. Joy’s family announced their disappointment over the verdict, with Myrna still consistent in her promise that she would continue in her fight to get justice for her eldest daughter. Despite repeated demands from her family, campaigners and Amnesty International, there has been no inquest and no public inquiry into her death. 4WardEverUK Case Profile for Joy Gardner Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. He also made announcements on three key points: During the week following Joy Gardner’s death, Sir Paul Condon followed up his announcement by calling for any related investigation to include some independent impartial component to be incorporated. But it was not until 1987, when Joy was an adult, that she came on a six-month visit and tried to stay, seeking leave on compassionate grounds. Wearing a uniform does not give you carte blanche to take someone’s life, nor does it make you superior. ), Despite the fact that Joy had her arms handcuffed to the body belt, and that. The report was not released to the public or members of Joy’s family under ‘public interest immunity.’ The lay-person who supervised the PCA investigation, announced that he was considering “making a special report” to the Home Secretary claiming he had discovered matters of a “grave and exceptional nature“. BLACK LIVES MATTER WINDRUSH SCANDAL THE DEATH OF JOY GARDNER, 1993 Most of us have seen the 9mins of footage of George Floyd slowly being asphyxiated to death at the hands of the police in America, and we’ve seen the world rise up and say enough is enough. Nellie Sterling, 61, had often looked after Joy Gardner’s son, Graeme. NOTE: Verified via email - Check your SPAM in case it ends up there in error! Sign up today for FREE to receive our 4WardEverUK quick news alerts and monthly e-newsletter via email. Home Office minister, Chris Wardle, and the Home Office came under fire by some in the media and MPs over the delay in sending notification letters, which effectively undermined the rights of the person concerned to seek review or recourse. The CPS, who were normally instructed by the police, were charging the police, and all those problems that arise when you’ve got people who are usually on the same side suddenly pitted against each other, that leads to all sorts of allegations and rumours about documents going missing, somebody getting the sack, somebody not getting the sack who should have got the sack, shredders working late into the night, and we don’t know what’s happened with Joy Gardner’s case and until there is an inquiry, and until every document and every piece of evidence is disclosed, we won’t ever know. The ADG officer then cut through the chain-lock with pliers and he forced entry into her flat. By this point she had 13ft of Elastoplast wrapped around her head. The Guardian 7th March 1999 After nine hours of deliberations, the jury then acquitted Evans and Whitby of all charges on 14th June 1995. Myrna continues the story…. Joy was only seven when she was left with my mother in Jamaica. ” and said it took all her strength just to hold her arm. Any news updates on this case are listed at the foot of this item. The police were accused of ‘stalling’ and Myrna questioned what justice could be gained when the police were effectively investigating themselves. Bennet accused Condon of doing so on the advice of someone further up the chain of command in the Home Office. They were: The immigration official and two local officers were called as witnesses. I would send money and visit her every year. Joy’s son, Graeme, was (albeit momentarily) taken to his bedroom by. Joy Gardner – President. Following the birth of her son, Joy applied to the Home Office for an extension to her visa, but this was denied. Joy’s visa allowed her to remain in the UK for six months but she remained in the UK for six years before her death. “, ” and shaking her head. The fund is the first permanent national resource of its kind for those affected by deaths and abuses in custody, Sign up today for FREE to receive our 4WardEverUK quick news alerts and monthly e-newsletter via email, Democrats unveil legislation to abolish the federal death penalty, New Case Profiles published on 4WardEverUK: Jan 2021, MI6 may have let informants commit crimes in UK, tribunal hears. Myrna drew parallels between the belt with it’s chains to the shackles and treatment of slaves. Services: Community Alternative Program - Children, Community Alternative Program - Disabled Adults, Companion Care/Sitter, Enteral Nutrition, In-Home Aide, Intravenous Therapy Medical Social Worker, Nursing Services, Occupational Therapy, Personal Care Services, Private Duty Nursing, Pediatric Care, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, Community Alternative Program-MR-DD, WOUND CARE specialist … One of the local officers in attendance that day, PC Brian Adamson (LO2), described Joy as ‘the most violent female prisoner’ he had encountered in his 12 year career, and this was echoed across the front pages of the tabloids. * On Wednesday, 28 July 1993, police and immigration officers went to my daughter Joy Gardner’s at in Hornsey, London and broke down the door. They were self-taught how to use gags and were not subject to strict controls. While it may have seemed like her immigration woes were soon reaching their end, the couple separated a few … Certain elements of the press took the same line. The other two management officers never faced charges as they had already left the police on early retirement (no explanation was ever forthcoming about why that was allowed to happen, which is something Jane Coker highlighted in Justice for Joy.) At least 13 died before the Home Office acknowledged their mistake. Chris Wardle stated that the government placed it’s faith in ASC “on the strength of its track record and experience.” The truth was, up until 1989, ASC was a firm exporting medical equipment, not human beings. (See ‘Politics and Press’ below). This is the first national resource of its kind for families affected by custody deaths in the United Kingdom. Initial attempts to revive Joy were unsuccessful and at, The attending ADG officers from SO1(3) had been suspended, the ADG unit – headed by. She died whilst in the West Indian Centre at Wood Green in north London sat impassively at the front, while the death of Joy Gardner her daughter was discussed and condemned … My first vote was in this country, and here is where I made my home and family. She must have attempted to shut her front door, but one ADG officer blocked it with his foot. All further Metropolitan Police involvement in deportation cases was to be halted pending a joint review by the Home Office and the Metropolitan Police into removal procedures in deportation cases. Graeme Burke is the son of Joy Gardner, the 40-year-old Jamaican woman who died when police officers came to deport her. The head of the Metropolitan Police Federation (MPF), Mike Bennet, complained that the officers should never have been charged and the decision to do so was ‘political’ due to the fact that Bernie Grant MP had become involved. Joan Thompson – Comptroller. The Police Complaints Commission investigation file remains a secret. This week, with impeccable timing, the BBC aired a brilliant biographical drama called Sitting in Limbo, which told the story of Anthony Bryan’s fight against unjust forced deportation. During her time in the UK, Joy became a media studies student at Guildhall University and had another child, Graeme. 15th February 1999, Death in police custody of Joy Gardner immediately returned to scene and she quick-cuffed Joy’s right arm. Two days later she was dead. It was early morning when five men and women burst into 5-year-old Graeme Burke’s home. Myrna was confused at what on earth had happened to her daughter but all thoughts suddenly left her head when she was told by a doctor that Joy’s brain was swollen and her prognosis was very poor and there was no hope of Joy surviving. KEITH VAZ, THE PROLIFIC CAMPAIGNER- Local Newspaper Articles, KEITH VAZ AND THE SORDID ELEMENT OF LEICESTER, RICHMOND: LOUIS MINSTER – Richmond Social Services, 1975-1984, THE SOHO CONNECTIONS: A-Z of Clubs, Pubs & other, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Liz Davies – Islington Survivors Network, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Child Protection Expert speaks to UK Column, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Establishment Paedophiles: Operation Clarence, OPERATIONS TRAWLER & MIDDLETON: Blair Ministers & Lambeth Care Home Scandal. Cemetery of Uniforms and Liveries (2016) depicts Brandon Groce (grandson of Cherry Groce, whose shooting by police in 1985 sparked the Brixton riots) and Graeme Burke (son of Joy Gardner, who died of injuries sustained as UK immigration officers bound and gagged her to deport her to Jamaica, in 1993). But they still treated her as a human being. Mitchell James Burke-Holdway. By the time Dervish had opened the letters of notification at 9:30am, Joy was effectively already dead. Mrs Joy Gardner, 40, died in 1993 after a struggle with police who arrived at her flat in Crouch End, north London, to serve a deportation order on her. UNSOLVED CRIMES: The murder of CHRISTOPHER STANLEY, 1992, OPERATION WINTHORPE: ST PAUL’S SCHOOL/COLET SCHOOL, BARNES, GEORGE BARSBY & OTHER GRAFTON CLOSE NEIGHBOURS, OPERATION RUFFLE: John Hemming confirms he is man accused of raping 6yr old Esther Baker. Outside, two police cars pulled up. I came to Britain when I was only a young woman, in 1961, to pursue a better life for my children and to work. The Home Office initially claimed the cause of death was kidney failure, but then later asserted that she had died as a result of head injuries received during the struggle to restrain her. Reasons for this were explained by the Home Office Minister later on. He had received two almost identical letters from the Home Office (dated 26th and 27th July 1993) in regards to Joy’s case. 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