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Viewpoint: How India moved on from Ayodhya. [17] The report notes that at this time several BJP leaders made "feeble requests to the kar sevaks to come down... either in earnest or for the media's benefit". "This is the only way you can take photographs of the rehearsal. Despite this, the ensuing riots spread to cities like Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Delhi, Bhopal and several others, eventually resulting in over 2000 deaths, mainly Muslim. It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Saturday emphatically said that the communal riot that caused damage to the domes of Babri Masjid in 1934, its … The author claimed that there was silent agreement that Ayodhya offered "a unique opportunity to take the Hindutva wave to the peak for deriving political benefit. “When the Babri Masjid was demolished, community members had gathered at this same road to condemn the demolition. He nodded and directed me to a large group of men standing at a distance. The Supreme Court is hearing the case of what to do with the site where, in 1992, a mob of Hindu nationalists tore down the Babri Masjid mosque in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. image copyright Getty Images. As we photographed the actual demolition on December 6, VHP workers started breaking our cameras. Liberhan wrote that he posted bureaucrats and police officers to Ayodhya, whose record indicated that they would stay silent during the mosque's demolition. [36] The retaliatory attacks included rhetoric from mobs calling for the destruction of India and of Hinduism. [30][31] In April 2017, a special Central Bureau of Investigation court framed criminal conspiracy charges against Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti, Vinay Katiyar, and several others. [16] Anju Gupta, a police officer who had been in charge of Advani's security on that day, stated that Advani and Joshi made speeches that contributed to provoking the behaviour of the mob. Destruction of Babri Masjid by right-wing Hindu mob in 1992 sparked communal riots across India. Claiming that the tapes of the meeting were personally handed over by him to his boss, he asserts that he has no doubts that his boss had shared the contents with the Prime Minister (Rao) and the Home Minister (Shankarrao Chavan). [4][6], For at least four centuries, the site was used for religious purposes by both Hindus and Muslims. The mosque was attacked and demolished by Hindu Kar Sevaks in 1992, which ignited communal violence across the [36] Students from the Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad burned an effigy of the then-Prime Minister of India, P.V. Anyone with such experiences could have been expected to turn fundamentalist. It further noted: "This selected act of the leaders itself speaks of the hidden intentions of one and all being to accomplish demolition of the disputed structure." A BJP MP I was in touch with told me there was going to be a rehearsal for the demolition of the Babri mosque on the morning of 5 December. 25 years ago a #Hindu mob razed the #Babri mosque. The ceremonies included speeches by BJP leaders such as Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti. I was on an assignment with The Pioneer newspaper to take pictures of kar sevaks (Hindu volunteers) and Hindu radical leaders who were expected to gather at the Babri mosque site. But you are a friend and I am giving you this information," he told me. All 32 people accused in the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992 were acquitted by a special CBI court in Lucknow on Wednesday, according to the Times of India. Topics Ram temple | Babri Masjid. The riots that followed killed nearly 2,000 people. The demolition of the disputed Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, 1,570 km away from Mumbai, rocked the city of dreams. This resulted in a pitched battle with the paramilitary forces that ended with the death of several kar sevaks. Copy link . [14] Several of the BJP leaders were taken into custody, and the VHP was briefly banned by the government. The next day, Babri Masjid was demolished. Persecution of Bangladeshi Hindus: Pre-Babri Masjid Destruction . Undoubtedly the very turning point in India’s recent history has been the destruction of the Babri Masjid by Right-Wing brigades. [48] Both Bombay and Daivanamathi won the Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration at the respective National Film Awards. [37], Following the demolition, Muslim mobs in Bangladesh attacked and burned down Hindu temples, shops and houses across the country. [33] The special court judge said, "The demolition was not pre-planned. Babri Masjid Demolition 2020: On the commemoration of the destruction of Babri Masjid, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) boss Asaduddin Owaisi has tweeted and requested that his allies remind their contemporaries that for more than 400 years Babri Masjid remained in Ayodhya. BS Web Team | New Delhi Last Updated at August 5, 2020 09:06 IST. The first violent incident was reported at 9:10 pm by the Mumbai Police at Jogeshwari. Babri Masjid case study: The Timeline. 6 December 2017. However, around noon, a young man managed to slip past the cordon and climb the structure itself, brandishing a saffron flag. Riots had already started. Similarly, the demolition of Babri Masjid has the same sentimental effect on the community’s psyche that would be never forgotten or made to be forgotten. The special CBI court had acquitted all 32 persons accused of conspiring to demolish the 16th century Babri mosque on December 6, 1992 that sparked a … [42] In Al-Ain, 250 km east of Abu Dhabi, angry mobs set fire to the girls wing of an Indian school. Press Trust of India . Dhar claimed that he was directed to arrange security for a meeting between individuals from the BJP and other constituents of the Sangh Parivar, and that the meeting "proved beyond doubt that they (RSS, BJP, VHP) had drawn up the blueprint of the Hindutva assault in the coming months and choreographed the pralaya nritya (dance of destruction) at Ayodhya in December 1992. The events of that day would lead to … With the demolition of the Babri mosque and the consequent countrywide riots, the ISI’s task became easier. This led to an uproar, with both parties filing civil suits laying claim to the land. The case centres on the 1992 demolition of the Babri Masjid by a mob which believed it was built on the birthplace of Hindu deity Lord Ram. Men with crowbars, pickaxes, shovels and iron rods were trying to topple a huge mound of earth. [7][11], In September 1990, BJP leader L. K. Advani began a Rath Yatra, a political rally travelling across much of north India to Ayodhya. Fake news by Hindi newspapers fuelled 1992 Bhopal riots, killed 139 in communal clashes following Babri Masjid demolition In 1992, following the demolition of Babri Masjid, fake news published by Hindi newspapers in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh fueled hatred among the communities, leading to one the first and worst riots in the 200-old history of the state capital I hid my camera inside my jacket and exited the place, chanted along with the crowd, thrilled that I was the only journalist to have witnessed this rehearsal and photographed it for posterity. My photographs capture a man, the only one in the crowd of volunteers with his face covered by a handkerchief, barking orders at the men tugging away at the mound with ropes and iron wire meshes. [38], At its summit meeting in Abu Dhabi, the Gulf Cooperation Council strongly condemned the Babri Masjid demolition. [6][7][a] Popular belief holds that Baqi demolished a temple of Rama to build the mosque; historical basis for the belief is debated. [24] Jihadi groups including the Indian Mujahideen cited the demolition of the Babri Mosque as a reason for their terrorist attacks. 1853: first riot to have occurred between Hindus and Muslims on Babri Masjid and lord Ram’s birth place. [6][7] The Nirmohi Akhara sect cited this statement in laying claim to the site later in the 19th century, leading to the first recorded incidents of religious violence at the site in 1855. The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya. Read about our approach to external linking. Share. No appeal was made to the Kar Sevaks not to enter the sanctum sanctorum or not to demolish the structure. I whipped out my camera and started taking pictures of the incredible scene unfolding before me. The BJP withdrew its support to the V. P. Singh ministry, necessitating fresh elections. [4][5] There is a rough scholarly consensus that in 1528, following the Mughal conquest of the region, a mosque was built at the site by the Mughal general Mir Baqi, and named the "Babri Masjid" after the Mughal emperor Babur. [44] Lajja (Shame), a 1993 novel by Bangladeshi author Taslima Nasrin, was partially inspired by the persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh that intensified after the demolition of the Babri Masjid. Some photographs too were placed on record before the Commission. [29] The Court asked the CBI to explain its delay in filing an appeal. I pointed to my badge and loudly shouted slogans like everyone else. The police tried to stop us, the situation turned violent and some even died.” But, Javed said, “This time it’s worse than what it … Court disputes to riots:A brief timeline of Babri Masjid-Ram temple dispute Prime Minister Narendra Modi to lay the foundation stone for the construction of the Ram temple at the 'janmabhoomi' site today. Tracing the Babri Masjid dispute; the title dispute arose first in 1885. The day they brought down the mosque, I felt ashamed of being a Hindu. They had been given instructions to … "[34][35], In Pakistan, the government closed offices and schools on 7 December to protest against the demolition of the Babri Masjid. Over 1000 people lost their lives. The Liberhan Commission (the government-appointed panel which tabled its report on the destruction of the Babri mosque in 2009) makes the following observation: "It was averred before the Commission that a rehearsal was carried out for demolition of the disputed structure. The demolition of Babri mosque alone triggered some of the deadliest religious riots against the Muslims, with deaths exceeding 2,000. A day before the incident, photographer Praveen Jain joined a group of Hindu volunteers to witness what they claimed was a "dress rehearsal" for the demolition. In Hinduism the birthplace of the deity Rama, known as "Ram Janmabhoomi", is considered a holy site. [2][3] In the 1980s, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) began a campaign for the construction of a temple dedicated to Rama at the site, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as its political voice. It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. When riots tear your life apart, and you rebuild it. Everything was done with precision. The demolition of Babri mosque alone triggered some of the deadliest religious riots against the Muslims, with deaths exceeding 2,000. [20], The destruction of the Babri Mosque sparked Muslim outrage around the country, provoking several months of inter-communal rioting in which Hindus and Muslims attacked one another, burning and looting homes, shops and places of worship. On 6 December 1992 the VHP and the BJP organised a rally at the site involving 150,000 volunteers, known as kar sevaks. The rally turned violent, and the crowd overwhelmed security forces and tore down the mosque. Published. Javed was in class XII when the 1992 incident happened. All that the ISI had to do was … 1528: Babri Masjid was built under the rule of Babur by Mir Baqi. Among those named were Vajpayee, Advani, Joshi and Vijay Raje Scindia. It has been 25 years, but none of the people responsible for the demolition have been punished. I ran as fast as my legs could carry me towards the hotel. [14] The Mumbai Riots alone, which occurred in December 1992 and January 1993 and which the Shiv Sena played a big part in organising, caused the death of around 900 people, and estimated property damage of around ₹ 9,000 crore ($3.6 billion). The demolition resulted in several months of intercommunal rioting between India's Hindu and Muslim communities, causing the death of at least 2,000 people. A burly man suddenly stood before me gesturing me to put away my camera. The issue exemplifies the deterioration of communal peace in the country and assumed significance right after independence before culminating into the demolition of the masjid. It accrued as one of the most destructive religious riot India had ever seen. [36] Strikes were held across the country, while Muslim mobs attacked and destroyed as many as 30 temples in one day by means of fire and bulldozers, and stormed the office of Air India, India's national airline, in Lahore. The yatra sought to generate support for the proposed temple, and also sought to unite Hindu votes by mobilizing anti-Muslim sentiment. The masjid was constructed on top of a small hill, Ramkot. In response, the Indian government criticised the GCC for what it regarded as interference in its internal affairs. The claim that the mosque stood on the site of a temple was first made in 1822, by an official of the Faizabad court. [45] The Bollywood film Mausam (2011) is based on the events surrounding the demolition. Anyone with such experiences could have been expected to turn fundamentalist. On December 6, 1992, he captured the demolition of the 16th century Babri Mosque in Ayodhya by Hindu nationalists. Among its member states, Saudi Arabia severely condemned the act. Share This - … Christmas and New Year passed uneasily. After 399 sittings over sixteen years, the Commission submitted its 1,029-page report to Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 30 June 2009. [38][39][40] The aftermath of the violence forced the Bangladeshi Hindu community to curtail the celebrations of Durga Puja in 1993 while calling for the destroyed temples to be repaired and investigations be held into the atrocities. A ready network for clandestine movement and distribution of arms, ammunition and funds, with enough cheap manpower to commit the deadliest of crimes at the shortest notice, was now available on a platter. Get latest 1993 Babri Masjid Riots news updates & stories. [27] According to the report, the events of 6 December 1992, in Ayodhya were "neither spontaneous nor unplanned". How Delhi Riots Brought Back Babri Masjid Memories in a Once Peaceful Hindu-Muslim Neighbourhood. [49][50] The 2007 film Black Friday was based upon the 1993 Bombay bombings which were considered to be the after effect of the demolition of the mosque. [6], The documentary Ram ke Naam (In the name of Ram) by Anand Patwardhan examines the events preceding the demolition. A subsequent inquiry into the incident found 68 people responsible, including several leaders of the BJP and the VHP. "[19], In April 2014, a sting operation by Cobrapost claimed that the demolition was not an act of frenzied mobs but an act of sabotage planned with so much secrecy that no government agency got wind of it. They had given a commitment not to touch the mosque and to restrict construction to a religious ceremony symbolising the laying of the first bricks. [51][52], Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration, "Babri Masjid not built on vacant land, artefacts reveal non-Islamic structure: Supreme Court", "Supreme Court judgment on Ayodhya ends several speculation: ASI team chief", "Babri mosque case: BJP MP declared absconder", "Report: Sequence of events on December 6", "Uproar over India mosque report: Inquiry into Babri mosque's demolition in 1992 indicts opposition BJP leaders", "Babri Masjid demolition was planned 10 months in advance: Book", "Babri Masjid demolition was well-planned in ahead: Cobrapost sting", "India Babri Masjid demolition neither spontaneous nor unplanned: Liberhan", "In the times of Yakub Memon, remembering the Babri Masjid demolition cases", Babri Masjid demolition: Supreme Court to hear plea claiming CBI may go soft on L K Advani, Babri Masjid case: SC issues notices to L K Advani, others over conspiracy charges, "Babri case: Advani, Joshi, Bharti charged with criminal conspiracy", "Babri Masjid verdict: Court acquits LK Advani, Kalyan Singh, says no evidence that accused planned demolition", "Babri Masjid demolition case: CBI Special Court acquits all accused, judge says 'demolition was not pre-planned, "India's BJP leaders acquitted in Babri mosque demolition case", "Pakistani Hindus in India unwilling to return", "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Bangladesh : Hindus", "N S Madhavan tells RSS to seek edakka ban", "Of Bombay and Karachi; Review of Tanya Tania by Antara Ganguli", "Ram Ke Naam Chronicle of a demolition Foretold", "8 times we saw the Babri Masjid debacle recalled on the big screen", "Sacred Games review: Netflix crime thriller engages viewers with intrigue and mystery", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demolition_of_the_Babri_Masjid&oldid=998266857, Attacks on religious buildings and structures in India, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 15:59. Hindu mobs tore down the 16th Century Babri mosque in India's holy city of Ayodhya on 6 December 1992. The September 2020 verdict of a special CBI court acquitting the 32 accused in the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition case has been challenged in the Allahabad High Court. The demolition of Babri masjid created a wedge that can never be bridged. The HC appeal was filed by two men who witnessed the Babri Masjid demolition and were victims of the riots that followed. It will however not be safe to hazard finding about training in the absence of the conclusive evidence, though there is some circumstantial evidence and some statements do point finger to the conclusion that the Karsevaks were trained in demolition.". The demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6 1992, which shook the entire country, sabotaged more than just a mosque. Despite this, a large body of kar sevaks or Sangh Parivar activists reached Ayodhya and attempted to attack the mosque. It further said that the sabotage was planned several months in advance by Vishva Hindu Parishad and Shiv Sena, but not jointly. The riots started in city, then called Bombay, immediately post the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. The demolition of the Babri Masjid was illegally carried out on 6 December 1992 by a large group of activists of the Vishva Hindu Parishad and allied organisations. [25][26], On 16 December 1992, the Union home ministry set up the Liberhan Commission to investigate the destruction of the Mosque, headed by retired High Court Judge M. S. Liberhan. Shortly after the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992, and another wave of carnage that came in its train, Advani wrote that if the Muslims were to identify themselves with the concept of Hindutva there would not be any reason for riots to take place (The Times of India, January 30, 1993). Just after noon, the crowd turned violent and charged at the policemen and volunteers guarding the mosque. According to the mosque's inscriptions, it was built in 1528–29 (935 AH) by general Mir Baqi, on the orders of the Mughal emperor Babur. According to investigators, it had been carried out at the orders of underworld don Dawood Ibrahim and his henchmen, and was held to be retaliation for the communal riots sparked by the Babri Masjid demolition, in which over 900 people, largely Muslims, had died. [36] In subsequent years, thousands of Pakistani Hindus visiting India sought longer visas, and in some cases citizenship of India, citing increased harassment and discrimination in the aftermath of the demolition. In 2010, the Allahabad High Court divided the disputed land into three parts -- one each for the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhada and the Ram Lalla. Singh. "I have orders from top bosses to ensure that no media is granted access to this exercise. The next day, I along with other journalists took position on the fourth floor of a building overlooking the mosque and a raised platform where important leaders of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and BJP were overseeing a rally of at least 150,000 volunteers. [11], On 6 December 1992, the RSS and its affiliates organised a rally involving 150,000 VHP and BJP kar sevaks at the site of the disputed structure. Thousands of workers belonging to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), an organisation dedicated to promoting Hindu nationalism, had already gathered. The Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid title suit is now pending in the Supreme Court, which will decide the schedule of hearing in January. The judgment in the 28-year-old case involving the demolition of the Babri masjid wil be delivered on September 30. 36 ] 10 people were reportedly killed, 11 Hindu temples and several homes.!, there is a ray of hope that communities may try to reconcile the differences topple a huge of... 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