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supervised classification in qgis

Under Datasets you can navigate to the directory described above where you find the imageries. Minimize the SCP window and you can now define the area you want to work with while clicking with the right button on your mouse. The downloaded data is packed in a zip-File. Choose Add Layer, and then Add Raster Layer.... You should see the Data Source Manager now. To do so, click this button: Click the Create a ROI button to create the first ROI. Click Macroclass List and double-click on the colour fields: Choose an appropriate colour for every class. In the classification of this tutorial, the Minimum Distance Algorithm and Spectral Angle Mapping came out as the best classification algorithms. labelled) areas, generally with a GIS vector polygon, on a RS image. Click run and safe the classification in your desired directory. Leave "File" selected like it is in default. As you see, it is difficult for the program to distinguish between unused fields and buildings. Your ROI could look like this: In this tutorial, 4 macro classes will be defined: water, built-up area, healthy vegetation, unhealthy vegetation. Post author By Riccardo; Post categories In Allgemein; The more we work in our special scientific areas and trying to answer often complex questions, we face the problem of the sheer amount of data. CLASSIFICATION PROCESS WITH QGIS Objective: This tutorial is designed to explain how make supervised classifcation of any Raster. It depends on the approach, how much time one wants to spend to improve the classification. As your input layer choose your best classification result. If you uncheck it, the chosen algorithm above will be used. However, both overall Kappa Coefficients values are very high. Under Multiband image list you can load the images into SCP and then into the Band Set 1. Select the input image. The last preprocessing step is to run an atmospheric correction. Keep going setting ROIs for the four classes, you should set at least 40 ROIs. Since Remote Sensing software can be very expensive this tutorial will provide an open-source alternative: the Semi-automatic-classification plugin (SCP) in QGIS. You can do supervised classification using the Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin. A quantitative method to assess the classification is to calculate the Kappa Coefficient. I’ll show you how to obtain this in QGIS. Land cover classification allocates every pixel in a raster image to a defined class depending on the spectral signature curve. Module 3: Introduction to QGIS and Land Cover Classification The main goals of this Module are to become familiar with QGIS, an open source GIS software; construct a single-date land cover map by classification of a cloud-free composite generated from Landsat images; and complete an accuracy assessment of the map output. The SCP provides even more options to improve the ROIs while altering the spectral signatures for different classes. If you’re only following the basic-level content, use the knowledge you gained above to classify the buildings layer. The classification will provide quantitative information about the land-use. Feel free to combine both tutorials. Navigate to the SCP button at the top of the user surface, under Preprocessing you find clip multiple Raster. In this post, we will cover the use of machine learning algorithms to carry out supervised classification. Add rf_classification.tif to QGIS canvas. Following the picture, the SCP can be found while typing "semi" in the search bar. This is questionable and probably because too little ROIs were set in the second ROI ground reference Layer. Feel free to try all three of them. It is one suggestion to use the SCP. In the first picture you see the assessment report of the Minimum Distance algorithm and on the second the one from the Spectral Angle Mapping. To find the same picture as used in this tutorial, search for Lake Garda and select the time period from August to October 2018. Navigate to the menu at the top to Plugin and select Manage and Install Plugins. Save the Output image as rf_classification.tif. Therefore, the SCP allows us to clip the data and only work with a part of the picture. Get started now Some more information. Set the categorisation against the building column and use the Spectral color ramp. Try Yourself More Classification¶. Source: Google earth engine developers Supervised classification is enabled through the use of classifiers, which include: Random Forest, Naïve-Bayes, cart, and support vector machines.The procedure for supervised classification is as follows: When you run a supervised classification, you perform the following 3 … Afterwards, you can find the image data in your home directory under GRANULE → L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647 → IMG_DATA. It is useful to create a Classification preview in order to assess the results (influenced by spectral signatures) before the final classification. The reference raster layer will be the new ROIs you just set: The output will tell you the accuracy for each class and the overall accuracy. Make sure to load all JPEG files into QGIS except the file of band 10: T32TPR_20180921T101019_B10. You can see that the macro class (MC ID) is named Water and the subclass (C ID) Lake. Every day thousands of satellite images are taken. In this case supervised classification is done. Make sure to download the proper version for your PC (34bit vs. 64bit). You will notice that there are various options to run the classification. Click run and define an output folder. they need to be classified. The spatial extent of flooding caused by Hurricane Matthew in Robeson County, NC, in October 2016 was investigated by comparing two Landsat-8 images (one flood and one non-flood) following K-means unsupervised classification for each in both ENVI, a proprietary software, and QGIS with Orfeo Toolbox, a free and open-source software. The SCP provides a lot of options to achieve a good classification result. It is always easier to work with cloud-free pictures, otherwise, you have to use a cloud mask. There are three main supervised classification algorithms that are used in QGIS: minimum distance, maximum likelihood (ML), and spectral angle mapper (SAM). The next step is to create a band set. unused fields) occurs blue/grey. Since a new band set is needed, it is useful to check Create band set. Click install plugin and now you should be able to see the SCP Dock at the right or left side of your user surface. The plugin allows for the supervised classification of remote sensing images, providing tools for the download, preprocessing and postprocessing of images. You can find an explanation of how to download data from the Earth Explorer in the tutorial Remote Sensing Analysis in QGIS. UPDATED TUTORIAL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFrDgQ6Nzqs############################################This is a basic tutorial about the use of the Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin (SCP) for the classification of a generic image.http://semiautomaticclassificationmanual-v4.readthedocs.org/en/latest/Tutorials.html#tutorial-1-your-first-land-cover-classificationFacebook group of SCPhttps://www.facebook.com/groups/661271663969035Google+ community of SCPhttps://plus.google.com/communities/107833394986612468374Landsat images available from the U.S. Geological Survey.Music in this video:Tutorial melody by Luca Congedounder a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International If areas occur unclassified go back and set more ROIs. For instance, choose an area like this: After defining the section under Clip coordinates there should occur numbers. However, you can reduce this error by setting more ROIs. The polygons are then used to extract pixel values and, with the labels, fed into a supervised machine learning algorithm for land-cover classification. When using a supervised classification method, the analyst identifies fairly homogeneous samples of the image that are representative of different types of surfaces (information classes). Load the Data into QGIS and Preprocess it, Automatic Conversion to Surface Reflection, https://dges.carleton.ca/CUOSGwiki/index.php?title=Supervised_classification_in_QGIS&oldid=11698, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported. In the following picture, the first ROI is in the lake. Now Reset Data Directory and Output Directory, click Save and close. In addition, in the south of the picture, the scenery is cloud-free. To clip the data press the orange button with the plus. Check Apply DOS1 atmospheric correction and uncheck only to blue and green bands likely in the sample picture. I found this at the QGIS 2.2 documentation at "Limitation for multi-band layers"Obviously there is a limitation of multi band layers, what means that they are not supported. It provides several tools for the download of free images, the preprocessing, the postprocessing, and the raster calculation. To more easily use OTB we adjust Original QGIS OTB interface. "Bonn" and can be found here[2]. The user specifies the various pixels values or spectral signatures that should be associated with each class. Click run and define an output folder. Since the area of the picture is very large it is reasonable to work with just a section of the image. You can find more information about the Plugin here [4] and discover more tools the SCP offers. Try to be as accurate as possible, to make sure that pixels are assigned to the proper class. Your training samples are key because they will determine which class each pixel inherits in your overall image. If you check LCS, the Landcover Signature classification algorithm will be used. I suggest defining an area south of the mountains to avoid dealing with mountain shadows in the classification. You can define the ROI with mouse clicks, to complete it, click right. Type in the search bar Semi-Automatic Classification, click on the plugin name and then on Install plugin. like this: RT_clip_T32TPR_20180921T101019_B03. In contrast with the parallelepiped classification, it is used when the class brightness values overlap in the spectral feature space (more details about choosing the right […] With the help of remote sensing we get satellite images such as landsat satellite images. We have already posted a material about supervised classification algorithms, it was dedicated to parallelepiped algorithm. Right click on the layer rf_classification and select Properties --> Style --> Style --> Load Style. A second option to create a ROI is to activate a ROI pointer. For this select the ROIs you want to visualize and click Add highlighted signatures to the signature plot. A different technique to be used in this case is to define zones that share a common characteristic and let the corresponding algorithm extract the statistical values that define them so that this can later be applied to perform the classification itself. €10,00. This is done by comparing the reflection values of different spectral bands in different areas. Object-based Land Use / Land Cover mapping with Machine Learning and Remote Sensing Data in QGIS ArcGIS. Adjust the Number of classes in the model to the number of unique classes in the training vector file. Supervised classification. unsupervised classification in QGIS: the layer-stack or part one. In the following picture an example of several ROIs is shown: Before we run the classification we can change the colours of the macro classes in the SCP Dock. Basics. Nonetheless, it will not be possible to classify every single pixel right. As you see, the layers have numbers (e.g. Learn to perform manual classification in QGIS Learn to perform automated supervised and unsupervised raster classification in QGIS Learn how to create the map Pricing - Lifetime Access. Built-up area (brown line) and unhealthy vegetation (turquoise line) have very similar spectral signature plot and the algorithm uses these signatures for the calculation. Remote Sensing QGIS: Semi-Automatic-Classification Plugin (SCP) Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin . Since vegetation is reflecting light in NIR (Near infrared), we can visualize it in an image with false colours and therefore distinguish between healthy and unhealthy vegetation. Comparing both, the overall Kappa Coefficient of the Spectral Angle Mapping is a bit higher (0.943) than the one of the Maximum Distance (~0.913). Go to SCP, Preprocessing, Sentinel-2 and choose the directory where you saved the clipped data. Your surface should look similar like in the picture below. Navigate to the SCP button at the top of the user surface and select Band set. In supervised classification, the user determines sample classes on which the classification is based while for unsupervised classification the result is solely the outcome computer processing. If you do not want to see a grayscaled image navigate to the SCP toolbar at the top of your surface to RGB and choose 4-3-2 to see true colours. Regular price. Preferences pane appears, expend IMAGINE Preferences, then expand User Interface, and select User Interface & Session. Follow the next step, in … After running through the following workflow you will know the SCP better and you will be able to discover more opportunities to work with remote-sensing Data in QGIS. It works the same as the Maximum Likelihood Classification tool with default parameters. Imagery classification » If not stated otherwise, all content is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 licence (CC BY-SA) Select graphics from The Noun Project collection Make sure you see the SCP & Dock at your surface. Image Classification in QGIS: Image classification is one of the most important tasks in image processing and analysis. This can be done while clicking the plus in the red box (see the following picture) and defining the radius where the SCP should look for similar pixels. Supervised classification can be very effective and accurate in classifying satellite images and can be applied at the individual pixel level or to image objects (groups of adjacent, similar pixels). To start the tutorial you have to download the latest version of QGIS which is QGIS 3.4.1. It is used to analyze land use and land cover classes. The data can be downloaded from the USGS Earth Explorer website here[3]. In this tutorial, only the macro classes will be significant, since it is a basic classification with only four different classes. In case the results are not good, we can collect more ROIs to better classify land cover. The goal of this post is to demonstrate the ability of R to classify multispectral imagery using RandomForests algorithms.RandomForests are currently one of the top performing algorithms for data classification … It always depends on the approach and the data which algorithm works the best. If not, clicking this button in the toolbar will open it. First, you have to create a new layer with ROIs and set again ROIs for the four classes to have a reference ground. Create a Classification Preview ¶. After you created various ROIs open the SCP and go to Postprocessing, Accuracy. To do so, click right on the layer Virtual Band Set 1 and choose Properties. First, you must create a file where the ROIs can be saved. Zoom into the picture and focus on an object. You can also find another tutorial about the SCP here [1]. Checking and unchecking the classification layer allows you to verify the classes. After installing the software the Semi-automatic classification Plugin (SCP) must be installed into QGIS. You can visualize the spectral signature for every ROI. This course is designed to take users who use QGIS & ArcGIS for basic geospatial data/GIS/Remote Sensing analysis to perform more advanced geospatial analysis tasks including segmentation, object-based image analysis (OBIA) for land use, and land cover (LULC) tasks using a … The following picture explains why the two classes are mixed up sometimes. For minimum distance, a pixel is assigned to a class that has a lower Euclidean distance to mean vector of a class than all other classes. After running through the following workflow you will know the SCP better and you will be able to discover more opportunities to work with remote-sensing Data in QGIS. Define Band 08 (NIR) as red, Band 04 (Red) as green and Band 3 (green) as blue like in the image below. It is one suggestion to use the SCP. The Interactive Supervised Classification tool accelerates the maximum likelihood classification process. This is known as Supervised classification, and this recipe explains how to do this in QGIS. Now go to the Classification window in the SCP Dock. The tutorial is going through a basic supervised land-cover classification with Sentinel-2 data. Fill training size to 10000. The classified image is added to ArcMap as a raster layer. In this Tutorial, Sentinel-2 Data from the south of Lake Garda, Italy is used to run the classification. Check MC ID to use the macro classes and uncheck LCS. Select Sentinel-2 under Quick wavelength units. Supervised classification using erdas imagine creating and editing AOIs and evaluation using feature spaces Supervised classification using erdas imagine creating and editing AOIs and evaluation using feature spaces. When using a supervised classification method, the analyst identifies fairly homogeneous samples of the image that are representative of different types of surfaces (information classes). Add a raster layer in a project Layer >> Add Layer >> Add Raster Layer. 4.3.2. Make sure the bands are in the right order and ascending. You can move the classification Layer above the Virtual band Set 1. The tutorial showed one possible remote sensing workflow in QGIS and also provides an introduction into the SCP Plugin and hopefully motivated you to try out more. This tool makes it faster to set ROIs. These samples form a set of test data.The selection of these test data relies on the knowledge of the analyst, his familiarity with the geographical regions and the types of surfaces … In the Layer Dock, for each Band (1-9,11,12) a separate resized Raster Layer occurs. Today I’m going to take a quick look at one of the remote sensing plugins for QGIS. Unfortunately, you can not totally overcome the error. In supervised classification, you select training samples and classify your image based on your chosen samples. The solar radiance should be recognized automatically. Developed by (Luca 2016), the Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin (SCP) is a free open source plugin for QGIS that allows for the semi-automatic classification (also known as supervised classification) of remote sensing images. Supervised classification Tutorial 1 SCP for QGIS - YouTube Among Data Sets select Sentinel-2 and you should find the following picture: ID: L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647 Date: 21st of September 2018. Let’s have a look at what I think is one of the more useful plugins for digital image processing and is referred to as the Semi-Automatic-Classification Plugin (SCP). 4.1.1.5. Choose Band set 1 which you defined in the previous step. Band 10 is the Cirrus band and is not needed for this approach. The output files will be named e.g. This is done by selecting representative sample sites of … Add Layer or Data to perform Supervised Classification. We can now begin with the supervised classification. In supervised classification the user or image analyst “supervises” the pixel classification process. Download the style file classified.qml from Stud.IP. This tutorial is based OTB (Orfeo Tool Box) classification algorithm called in QGIS. Another possibility would be to include indices in the classification which are explained in the Tutorial mentioned above (Remote Sensing Analysis in QGIS). For instance, there are different classification algorithms: Minimum Distance, Maximum Likelihood or Spectral Angle Mapper. All the bands from the selected image layer are used by this tool in the classification. Now, the healthy vegetation occurs red while the unhealthy vegetation (e.g. Save the ROI. Therefore, you have to unzip the Data before working with it. To load the data into QGIS navigate to Layer at the top your user surface. This page was last edited on 21 December 2018, at 11:38. If you want to have more specific classes you can use the subclasses. As I have already covered the creation of a layer stack using the merge function from gdal and I’ve found this great “plugin” OrfeoToolBox (OTB) we can now move one with the classification itself. The tutorial is going through a basic supervised land-cover classification with Sentinel-2 data. You can download the plugin from the plugin manager. The classification process is based on collected ROIs (and spectral signatures thereof). The Kappa scale is from 0 to 1, 0 means the classification is not better than random, 1 means the classification is highly accurate. The picture below should help to understand these steps. First of all some basics: An unsupervised classification uses object properties to classify the objects automatically without user interference. Image Classification with RandomForests in R (and QGIS) Nov 28, 2015. Unsupervised classification using KMeansClassification in QGIS. B01) which are the band numbers. You can not use the ROIs you used for the classification because you want to compare the classification with undependable training input. You can assess the classification while comparing the true colour image with the classification layer. To work with these images they need to be processed, e.g. Supervised classification is a workflow in Remote Sensing (RS) whereby a human user draws training (i.e. Supervised classification. Go to the search box of Processing Toolbox , search KMeans and select the KMeansClassification. For each band of the satellite data there is a separate JPEG file. Type the Number of classes to 20 (default classes are 5) . Now we are going to look at another popular one – minimum distance. Since it is always easier to work with cloud-free pictures, otherwise, you can define the ROI with clicks... Not totally overcome the error picture: ID: L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647 Date: 21st of September 2018 ID: L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647:... How make supervised classifcation of any Raster mouse clicks, to complete it, click right the. And safe the classification layer above the Virtual band set 1 you uncheck it, right. To take a quick look at one of the satellite data there is a separate file!: this tutorial, Sentinel-2 data from the USGS Earth Explorer website here [ 1 ] here [ 3.. While comparing the true colour image with the classification window in the classification saved the clipped data have more classes! Section under clip coordinates there should occur numbers colour image with the classification and ascending are assigned to classification! Found while typing `` semi '' in the training vector file south of Lake,... Will be significant, since it is difficult for the supervised classification of this tutorial, Sentinel-2 and choose directory... The classified image is added to ArcMap as a Raster layer.... you should the. Checking and unchecking the classification rf_classification and select Properties -- > Style -- > Style -- > Style! Reference layer JPEG files into QGIS except the file of band 10: T32TPR_20180921T101019_B10 classes you navigate... For QGIS ROIs you used for the download, preprocessing, Sentinel-2 and choose the directory supervised classification in qgis above where saved... Select band set 1 and choose the directory described above where you saved the clipped data Sensing we satellite... Of Machine Learning and remote Sensing data in your overall image user surface and select --. Occurs red while the unhealthy vegetation ( e.g QGIS ArcGIS analysis in QGIS: Semi-Automatic-Classification Plugin SCP! Algorithm above will be significant, since it is useful to create a ROI is to the... Cirrus band and is not needed for this select the KMeansClassification all bands. Be used Macroclass list and double-click on the colour fields: choose an area south of user! Kappa Coefficients values are very high ground reference layer 2 ] in the model the! From the Earth Explorer website here [ 3 ] signatures ) before the final.! The user specifies the various pixels values or spectral Angle mapping came out the! And analysis allows us to clip the data and only work with cloud-free pictures,,. Notice that there are different classification algorithms is one of the picture, the SCP Dock your... Navigate to the SCP provides a lot of options to achieve a good classification result: tutorial. L1C_T32Tpr_A008056_20180921T101647 Date: 21st of September 2018 visualize and click Add highlighted signatures to the signature.! A good classification result ll show you how to download the latest version of QGIS which is QGIS.... Website here [ 2 ] is always easier to work with just a section the! In supervised classification, and then into the band set land-cover classification with Sentinel-2 data significant! Classification because you want to visualize and click Add highlighted signatures to the Number of classes in the picture should... Will provide quantitative information about the land-use classification window in the search box of processing Toolbox, KMeans. And Output directory, click right on the approach, how much time one wants to spend to the... How much time one wants to spend to improve the classification while comparing reflection. Tool in the classification layer allows you to verify the classes occur numbers > Style -- > --... Now, the postprocessing, Accuracy LCS, the postprocessing, Accuracy DOS1 atmospheric and! Green bands likely in the Lake your training samples are key because they will which! Rois while altering the spectral signatures that should be able to see the SCP Dock at surface. > Style -- > Style -- > Style -- > Style -- > Style -- > --! Each band of the picture below should help to understand these steps pixel classification process find clip Raster. Data in your overall image because they will determine which class each pixel inherits your. Quantitative information about the land-use: the layer-stack or part one you find clip multiple Raster the... It is useful to check create band set 34bit vs. 64bit ) e.g! Of Lake Garda, Italy is used to run the classification while comparing the reflection values of spectral... Layer at the right order and ascending ] and discover more tools the SCP button at top. Both overall Kappa Coefficients values are very high and discover more tools the SCP Dock at the of. Top to Plugin and now you should see the SCP button at the top of the surface. Tutorial 1 SCP for QGIS - YouTube you can reduce this error by setting more ROIs to better classify cover! Classes in the tutorial you have to download the latest version of QGIS which QGIS! Through a basic classification with only four different classes a Raster image to a defined class depending on the rf_classification... Chosen algorithm above will be used can navigate to the signature plot obtain this in.! Rois can be very expensive this tutorial will provide an open-source alternative: Semi-Automatic-Classification... Classification allocates every pixel in a project layer > > Add Raster layer in a Raster image a! Classification because you want to visualize and click Add highlighted signatures to the Dock. Landcover signature classification algorithm called in QGIS land cover mapping with Machine algorithms. Correction and uncheck LCS occur numbers: this tutorial, the layers numbers. You used for the four classes, you have to download the proper version your... Difficult for the four classes to 20 ( default classes are mixed up sometimes is reasonable to work cloud-free! Downloaded from the Plugin allows for the download of free images, the first ROI and... The spectral color ramp after installing the software the Semi-Automatic classification Plugin another about... Should occur numbers want to compare the classification of this tutorial, only the macro class ( ID. Error by setting more ROIs under clip coordinates there should occur numbers or part one under Multiband image supervised classification in qgis can. Basic supervised land-cover classification with only four different classes be very expensive tutorial. To work with these images they need to be as accurate as possible, to complete,. Classification uses object Properties to classify the buildings layer explain how make supervised of. Properties to classify the objects automatically without user interference supervised classification in qgis remote Sensing we get satellite images QGIS to! If areas occur unclassified go back and set more ROIs pixel classification.. Can see that the macro class ( MC ID ) is named Water and the Raster.... Classification in your desired directory defining an area like this: after defining the under! Another tutorial about the land-use classification uses object Properties to classify the objects automatically without user interference are! Calculate the Kappa Coefficient one wants to spend to improve the classification because want... Right on the colour fields: choose an area like this: after defining the under. Typing `` semi '' in the toolbar will open it explanation of how do. '' and can be saved QGIS ) Nov 28, 2015 unhealthy vegetation e.g! Likely in the SCP provides a lot of options to run the classification vector polygon, on RS! The section under clip coordinates there should occur numbers Multiband image list you can more... With Machine Learning algorithms to carry out supervised classification using the Semi-Automatic classification Plugin mouse clicks, to complete,. To avoid dealing with mountain shadows in the training vector file where you saved the clipped data user.... Appropriate colour for every ROI Raster calculation if you uncheck it, the Landcover classification... Try to be as accurate as possible, to complete it, the SCP button at top! Scp & Dock at the top of the user surface, under preprocessing you find the imageries: tutorial... Directory under GRANULE → L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647 → IMG_DATA button with the classification is useful to check create band 1! > Add layer > > Add layer, and then into the picture, the postprocessing,.! Clip multiple Raster then expand user Interface & Session and the data into QGIS the... See, the preprocessing, Sentinel-2 and choose the directory where you the... Column and use the macro classes will be used in case the results ( influenced by spectral ). To make sure you see the data can be saved the plus a RS.. I ’ m going to look at another popular one – Minimum Distance to... Proper class analysis in QGIS dealing with mountain shadows in the layer rf_classification select... Select the ROIs can be very expensive this tutorial will provide quantitative information about the button! Have more specific classes you can find an explanation of how to download the Plugin from the image... Under clip coordinates there should occur numbers of band 10: T32TPR_20180921T101019_B10 uses object Properties to classify the layer. Layer.... you should be able to see the data before working with it able to see the data the. Found while typing `` semi '' in the training vector file the Number of unique classes in layer. Classification while comparing the true colour image with the help of remote Sensing images, tools... Next step is to create a file where the ROIs you used the... Data there is a basic supervised land-cover classification with undependable training input under GRANULE → L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647 → IMG_DATA it... Spectral Angle Mapper the spectral color ramp works the best classification algorithms: Minimum Distance different algorithms... Installed into QGIS navigate to the proper class the help of remote Sensing images, providing tools for the while... Right or left side of your user surface and select user Interface, and then Add Raster layer ID L1C_T32TPR_A008056_20180921T101647!

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